It is 30 years since Renault invented the large European MPV with the original five or seven-seat Espace. The latest Espace, launched at the 2014 Paris Motor Show, revealed a departure from traditional monospace MPV design with a crossover format, claims the company, based closely on the Initiale concept shown at the Frankfurt Motor Show a year ago.
The model uses a new architecture and powertrains, will see the debut of Ford’s adaptive steering system, will be the first Ford to be offered with LED headlamps with glare-free high beam, and offers pre-collision assist.
Researchers at VE Commercial Vehicles Ltd. in India employed downsizing to design a commercial vehicle exhaust system using the ANSYS CFD tool Fluent, resulting in a 14.1% reductions in both size and volume and a mass savings of 2%.
The car made its first public European appearance at the 2014 Paris Motor Show, bringing a lighter car powered by a new 1.5-L gasoline engine (the U.S. and possibly other markets will get a 2.0-L engine, according to industry reports), a six-speed manual transmission will be offered, and it will feature SkyActiv technologies in both vehicle design and construction as well as the engine.
The evolution of the DS into a brand separate from Citroën was marked at the 2014 Paris Motor Show by the Divine DS concept, a four-door compact sedan of about the same length as the DS4 at 4.21 m (13.8 ft) long. The Divine DS is designed to show what customers can expect of DS from now on.
Weight reduction has been an ongoing theme for Land Rover in recent years, with significant reductions for both the Land Rover Discovery and Range Rover. With the launch of the Discovery Sport, unveiled at the 2014 Paris Moor Show, Land Rover is extending the weight reduction theme with engine downsizing.