An independent testing institute recently confirmed a fuel-economy improvement of more than 15% on a MY2013 Ford Escape retrofitted with Schaeffler's AWD disconnect clutch and a number of other technologies that were designed and developed in North America.
The new car's interior and exterior styling complements a segment-first standard nine-speed automatic transmission with electronic shifter and the segment's first application of a fully disconnecting AWD system.
Researchers at Ashok Leyland make a case for choosing stainless steel over galvanized steel and aluminum for the complete bus structure. Although the initial material cost is higher for stainless steel, it scores better in other areas including mechanical and thermal properties and optimized structure weight. On the whole, the lower life cycle cost (LCC) offsets the initial material cost and yields rich dividends to the end customer, they claim.
A widely used material for lightning strike protection of CFRP structures within the aerospace industry is expanded metal foil (EMF). An issue with EMF is micro cracking of the paint, which can result in corrosion of the metal foil and subsequent loss of conductivity. Boeing researchers examined the issues of stress and displacement in the composite structure layup, which contribute to paint cracking caused by aircraft thermal cycling.
With the world's first pickup featuring an all-aluminum body and cargo box and full LED lighting, Ford leapfrogs its domestic and Japanese competition in the highly profitable full-size truck segment. The structures feature 5xxx- and 6xxx-series alloy sheet, the latter with a T4 temper.