Bones and soft tissues in children respond to crash forces differently than those of adults, according to a report recently released by The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and the Association of International Automobile Manufacturers (AIAM).
The research "will allow for innovative restraint products and vehicle designs to help save more children's lives, prevent injuries, and reduce the economic cost of crashes involving child passengers," said Michael J. Stanton, President and CEO of AIAM, which provided support for the 2010 Child Passenger Safety Issue Report.
Current child crash test dummies are essentially smaller-sized versions of adult dummies, with little consideration for important differences in body composition between adults and children, according to CHOP.
"For the auto industry to innovate beyond just 'buckle up' to keep kids safe in crashes, we need better tools, such as accurate child crash test dummies," said Kristy Arbogast, Ph.D., Director of Engineering for CHOP's Center for Injury Research and Prevention. "But we're missing the basic data we need to create those tools. The research being conducted by biomechanics research centers around the world and here at CHOP delivers the critical data on how children move in a crash and the tolerance of their bodies to injury."