Perkins Engines adds the 403D-15T to its 400 series line—a three-cylinder, 1.5-L, turbocharged unit producing 30 kW (40.2 hp). The 403D-15T offers an engine envelope of 0.18 m3 (59 ft3) and a mass of 156 kg (344 lb). Improved coolant flows reduce radiator size to keep the overall engine package compact, and an improved power density make it suitable for agricultural, construction, and general industrial applications, with peak torque of 112 N·m (82.6 lb·ft) at 1800 rpm. Other features include 500-h service intervals, improved changeover, and compliance with major North American and European emissions regulations up to 2013. Engine options include high or low fan position, low-noise fan, and electronically controlled governing.