Inprox Technology and NASA’s Glenn Research Center (GRC) are developing silicon carbide (SiC)-based position sensors for potential uses in future turbine engine controls, ground-vehicle engine applications, and space flight. SiC electronics are capable of operating at temperatures as extreme as 600°C (1112°F).
Some view SiC electronics as a significant advancement over conventional silicon-based electronics that must be carefully housed in controlled environments shielded from higher temperatures by cooling. That design feature necessitates complicated and often costly thermal-management systems and long cable runs between critical sensor systems and the electronics that control them.
“The capability to embed electronics in a device without the need to provide cooling provides a substantial technological advantage for many applications in sensing and control,” said Phil Neudeck, Electronics Engineer and Team Lead for the SiC work sponsored by the Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate at GRC.
The rising costs of fuel and the drive for greater reliability at lower costs has the sensors and electronics market anticipating the capabilities of these next-generation SiC electronics and sensors. Future space missions and satellites will certainly have high temperature and radiation hardened requirements and will rely heavily on the breakthroughs of today. The reduction or elimination of these thermal-management systems and extended cable runs will aid in lowering weight and costs even in the more traditional markets in regards to engine controls.
Because SiC electronics can operate at much higher temperatures than standard substrates, the mass and weight of such radiators on a given satellite could be greatly reduced or eliminated altogether. Such a feat would enable a set of substantial weight savings on satellites, or at least allow a greater degree of functionality by using up the space and weight formerly assigned to the thermal-management systems.
Also, SiC sensors and controls are less susceptible to radiation damage than similarly rated basic silicon, says Inprox. In that respect, SiC electronics could also shrink the size and weight of shielding that is normally used to protect satellite electronic components from space radiation.
In automotive applications, SiC integrated sensors and electronics are currently being studied for engine controls that display improved combustion measurement and control; capabilities directly leading to lower emissions and more fuel efficient vehicles.
“Silicon carbide is one of the most exciting advances in electronics being developed today,” said Derek Weber, Inprox President. “The marriage of SiC electronics, which can remain operational in high-temperature, high-power, and high-radiation environments, enabled with our proprietary digital sensor technology is of great significance to us, our customers, and the [mobility] communities at large. Playing this vital role in the development of [SiC] sensors with NASA is a great opportunity.”
High-temperature SiC electronics from NASA will be prototyped into Inprox’s proprietary linear position sensor technology platform. Inprox says it offers a read-only digital signal methodology using a real-time, continuous variable frequency output in the form of a square wave without the need for any signal-conditioning electronics.
“Our focus is on improving sensor and system performance while reducing component and system-level costs associated with previous generations of inductive and capacitive-based sensors and controls,” said Weber.