Deere has introduced a new line of specialty tractors to meet the needs of orchards, vineyards, nurseries, and greenhouse operations. The new tractors—the F-Series Orchard/Vineyard Tractors and the A-Series Nursery/Greenhouse Tractors—have been specifically designed to operate and maneuver in the confined work environments and field conditions of specialty crops and plants.
Three models designed for orchard and vineyard applications—76F, 85F, and 100F—are powered by turbocharged VM Detroit Diesel engines. The 76F and 85F are powered by a 2.8-L engine that delivers 76 and 83 hp (57 and 62 kW), respectively, at 2600 rpm, while the 100F is powered by a 3.0-L engine that delivers 96 hp (72 kW), also at 2600 rpm. PTO is 66 hp (49 kW) for the 76F, 73 hp (54 kW) for the 85F, and 83 hp (62 kW) for the 100F.
The tractors’ transmission, which provides 24F/16R, features a synchronized reverser for easy shifting even while the tractor is in motion. Developed to match the many jobs required in orchards and vineyards, this transmission allows the operator to work at speeds from under 1 mph (1.6 km/h) up to 20 mph (32 km/h) in transport.
“Maneuverability and braking is extremely important when operating these tractors,” said Owen Frederic, Product Marketing Manager, John Deere Commercial Products. He explained that the 85F and 100F are both equipped with a no-spin front differential for better traction and control. For longer life, all three tractors use a Deere-designed six-disc oil-cooled rear braking system.
With 5500 lb (2495 kg) of lift capacity, the three-point hitch has an adjustable rate control for raising and lowering it. The open center hydraulic system delivers a 10 gal/min (38 L/min) flow rate from a single pump, powerful enough to operate the most demanding implements for orchard/vineyard applications, according to Deere.
Designed to maneuver within the confines of the orchard or vineyard, the F-Series models offer a tight turning radius of 10.8 ft (3.3 m) for the 76F, and 9.5 ft (2.9 m) for both the 85F and 100F. Maneuverability is also boosted by these tractors’ compact design: the 76F tractor is 53 in (1346 mm) wide, and the 85F and 100F tractors are 57 in (1448 mm) wide.
All three models feature a two-post fold-over ROPS (rollover protective structure), adjustable operator seat, and telescoping steering column, all situated on a straddle-type platform. A low-profile cab is also available.
For nursery and greenhouse markets, John Deere also introduced the 20A Nursery/Greenhouse Tractor, which features a two-cylinder 1.0-L Lombardini diesel engine that delivers 21 hp (16 kW) at 3000 rpm. The transmission delivers 6F/3R, and mechanical front wheel drive with traction control is standard equipment.
Designed for tighter turning and good maneuverability in nurseries and greenhouses, the compact 20A is 40 in (1016 mm) tall, 32 in (813 mm) wide, and 98 in (2490 mm) long. Its 45° articulated design delivers a turning radius of 3.9 ft (1.2 m).
The 20A also features a two-post fold-over ROPS, adjustable operator seat, and telescoping steering column, all situated on a straddle-type platform. Other features include a front axle that oscillates 16° for maximum traction on uneven ground, a flip-up hood for easy serviceability, and a three-point hitch with 1100 lb (500 kg) of lift capacity.