With the expectation of launching "the world's first affordable, mass-market fuel-cell electric vehicles (FCEVs)" as early as 2017, Daimler, Ford, and Nissan on Jan. 28 announced an agreement to work together in that cause. Specifically the automakers will collaborate on a common fuel-cell stack and related propulsion technologies, with the aim of reducing development time and costs. Each company will invest equally towards the project. Together, the automakers have more than 60 years of experience developing FCEVs. Their FCEV demonstrators have logged more than 10 million km (6.2 million mi) globally in real-world customer testing. The common powertrains ultimately will be used in highly differentiated, separately branded FCEVs. According to the companies the collaboration, which follows a similar recent announcement by BMW and Toyota, "sends a clear signal to suppliers, policymakers, and the industry to encourage further development of hydrogen refueling stations and other infrastructure necessary to allow the vehicles to be mass-marketed."